James Russell Yoga

The Eight Limbs of Yoga

© James Dylan Russell 2017
YOGA / AṢṬĀṄGA YOGA
अस्तन्ग - aṣṭâñga (pronounced 'ash-tangah' ) ~ eight parts
  • 1 YAMA

    Restraint

    Ahimsa - non-violence
    Satya - truth
    Asteya - non-stealing
    Brahmacharya - sexual continence
    Aparigraha - non-acquisitveness
  • 2 NIYAMA

    Self observance

    Saucha - cleanliness
    Santosha - contentment
    Tapas - austerity/discipline
    Svadhyaya - continual learning
    Iswara pranidhana - surrender to the highest
  • 3 ĀSANA

    Posture

    II.46 Asana is a steady comfortable posture.

    II.47 By lessening the natural tendency for restlessness and by meditating on the infinite, posture is mastered.

    II.48 Thereafter, one is undisturbed by dualities.
  • 4 PRĀṆĀYĀMA

    Breath regulation

    II.49 With posture acquired, the movement of inhalation and exhalation should be controlled. This is pranayama.

    II.52 As a result, the veil over the inner light is destroyed.

    II.53 And the mind becomes fit for concentration.'
  • 5 PRATYĀHĀRA

    Sense withdrawal

    II.54 When the senses withdraw themselves from the object and imitate, as it were, the nature of the mind-stuff, this is pratyahara.

    II.55 Then follows supreme mastery over the senses.
  • 6 DHĀRAṆĀ

    Concentration

    III.1 Dharana is fixing the the mind to one place, object or idea.
  • 7 DHYĀNA

    Absorption

    III.2 When awareness flows evenly towards the point of attention, this is known as Dhyana.
  • 8 SAMĀDHI

    Clear perception

    III.3 Samadhi is that condition of illumination, where union disappears, only the meaning of the object on which the attention is fixed is present.

*Translation: Swami Satchidananda